Paramilitary force and Central Armed Police Forces(CAPF) are responsible for maintaining law and order in the society as well as protecting the nation.A career in these forces enables us to serve for the nation.These forces work under the ministry of defence and ministry of home affairs.The organizational structure, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military,and which is included as part of a state’s formal armed forces.Under the state of emergency as well as war,these forces work together with the armed forces in order to maintain law and order in the society as well as peace in the nation.Conventionally,in India the paramilitary forces is used to define the following three forces:
1.Assam Rifles : Assam Rifles (AR) is a potent organization with 46 battalions and its associated command and administrative back up. It is designated by the GoM committee as the Border Guarding Force for the Indo-Myanmar border and is also its lead intelligence agency.they perform many roles including the provision of internal security under the control of the army through the conduct of counter insurgency and border security operations, provision of aid to the civil power in times of emergency, and the provision of communications, medical assistance and education in remote areas. In times of war they can also be used as a combat force to secure rear areas if needed.
2.Indian Coast Guard : The Indian Coast Guard (Hindi: भारतीय तटरक्षक, Bhāratīya Taṭarakṣaka) (ICG) is a non military maritime force that protects India’s maritime interests and enforces maritime law, with jurisdiction over the territorial waters of India, including its contiguous zone and exclusive economic zone.
From saving human lives at sea and assisting fishermen in peril, to apprehending poachers and preserving marine biodiversity, job satisfaction comes easy to a “Coast Guardsman”.
3.National Security Guards : National Security Guard (NSG): It is a task-oriented Force and has two complementary elements in the form of the Special Action Group (SAG) comprising Army personnel and the Special Ranger Groups (SRG), comprising personnel drawn from the Central Para Military Forces/State Police Force. All the personnel are on deputation.
The Central Armed Police Forces(CAPF) consists of the following central organisations:
1.Border Security Force (BSF) : is a Border Guarding Force of India. It is a Union Government Agency under the administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs. It is one of many law enforcement agencies of India.Border Security Force patrols mountainous terrains, deserts and long coastal stretches on camel-back, horseback, on foot, speedboats or in helicopters. During war-time they are required to hold ground in less threatened sectors so long as the main attack does not develop in a particular sector.The Border Security Force has three main operational arms, the General Duty branch, which is in charge of vigilance, The Technical branch, which maintains equipments, telecommunication networks and is also in charge of construction work and the Medical branch, which provides all kinds of medical facilities to BSF troops as well as civilians.It currently stands as the world’s largest border guarding force.
2.Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) : is a premier multi-skilled security agency which provides security cover to nuclear installations, space establishments, airports, seaports, power plants, sensitive Government buildings and ever heritage monuments.CISF is just a unique organization in paramilitary forces for India, which works for sea ways, airways and some of the major installations in India. In CISF there are some reserved battalions which works with the state police to protect law and orders. CISF plays a major role in Disaster Management, for Disaster Management course the personnel are trained from NISA, Hyderabad. Another unique thing which the CISF has is a Fire Wing which helps during fire accidents in Industries where CISF is on guard.
3.Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) : is an armed Force of the Union of India, with the basic role of striking reserve to assist the State/Union Territories in Police operations to maintain law and order and contain insurgency.As of 2010, the CRPF is the largest paramilitary organisation of the country and is actively looking after the internal security of every part of India and are even operating abroad as part of United Nations peacekeeping missions. It is performing a variety of duties ranging from VIP security to election duties, from guarding of vital installations to the counter-naxal operations.
4.Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) : is a specialized mountain Force and most of the officers & men are professionally trained mountaineers and skiers.The Indo-Tibetan Border Police is deployed for guarding duties on the border with China from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Diphu La in Arunachal Pradesh covering a total distance of 2488 km.
5.Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) : is a Border Guarding Force (BGF) under the administrative control of the Ministry of Home Affairs.The objective of the Sashastra Seema Bal (English: Armed Border Force) is to guard the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan Borders.SSB is also engaged in Counter Insurgency operations in Jammu and Kashmir and Anti naxal operations in Jharkhand, Bihar and Chhattisgarh. It is also performing internal security duties i.e. Election duties and law and order duties in different parts of India.
The Indian Paramilitary force(PMF) is regarded as the world’s second largest paramilitary organization. Youngsters who aspire to choose a career of excitement, adventure, and challenges can find no better place than defence to meet all their professional expectations.